The Council of Australian Governments (COAG) is the peak intergovernmental forum in Australia.
The members of COAG are the Prime Minister, state and territory First Ministers and the President of the Australian Local Government Association (ALGA). The Prime Minister chairs COAG.
COAG was established in 1992. Its role is to manage matters of national significance or matters that need co-ordinated action by all Australian governments.
COAG usually meets twice a year. However, it will meet when needed and at times it has met up to four times in a year. COAG may also settle issues out-of-session by correspondence.
The outcomes of COAG meetings are contained in communiqués published at the end of each meeting. Where formal agreements are reached, these may be embodied in intergovernmental agreements, including National Agreements and National Partnership Agreements.
COAG's agenda is broad-ranging and focusses on improving the current and future wellbeing of all Australians.
COAG has a strong record of driving reforms that have improved the lives of all Australians. For example, micro-economic reform linked to national competition policy in the mid-1990s left a legacy of a more competitive, efficient and flexible economy which has enabled Australia to meet a number of economic challenges in the last 20 years.
COAG will continue to drive reforms that are vital to Australia’s future.